F.S. 655.50 Florida Statutes and Case Law
655.50 Florida Control of Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing in Financial Institutions Act.—
(1) This section may be cited as the “Florida Control of Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing in Financial Institutions Act.”
(2) The purpose of this section is to require the submission to the office of certain reports and the maintenance of certain records of customers, accounts, and transactions involving currency or monetary instruments or suspicious activities if such reports and records deter using financial institutions to conceal, move, or provide proceeds obtained from or intended for criminal or terrorist activities and if such reports and records have a high degree of usefulness in criminal, tax, or regulatory investigations or proceedings.
(3) As used in this section, the term:
(a) “BSA/AML compliance officer” means the financial institution’s officer responsible for the development and implementation of the financial institution’s policies and procedures for complying with the requirements of this section relating to anti-money laundering (AML), and the requirements of the Bank Secrecy Act of 1970 (BSA), Pub. L. No. 91-508, as amended; the USA Patriot Act of 2001, Pub. L. No. 107-56, as amended, and federal and state rules and regulations adopted thereunder; and 31 C.F.R. parts 500-598, relating to the regulations of the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) of the United States Department of the Treasury.
(b) “Currency” means currency and coin of the United States or of any other country.
(c) “Financial institution” means a financial institution, as defined in 31 U.S.C. s. 5312, as amended, including a credit card bank, located in this state.
(d) “Financial transaction” means a transaction involving the movement of funds by wire, electronic funds transfer, or any other means, or involving one or more monetary instruments, which in any way or degree affects commerce, or a transaction involving the use of a financial institution that is engaged in, or the activities of which affect, commerce in any way or degree.
(e) “Monetary instruments” means coin or currency of the United States or of any other country, travelers’ checks, personal checks, bank checks, money orders, stored value cards, prepaid cards, investment securities or negotiable instruments in bearer form or otherwise in such form that title thereto passes upon delivery, or similar devices.
(f) “Report” means a report of each deposit, withdrawal, exchange of currency, or other payments or transfer, by, through, or to that financial institution, which involves a transaction required or authorized to be reported by this section, and includes the electronic submission of such information in the manner provided by rule of the commission.
(g) “Specified unlawful activity” means “racketeering activity” as defined in s. 895.02.
(h) “Suspicious activity” means any transaction reportable as required and described under 31 C.F.R. s. 1020.320.
(i) “Transaction” means a purchase, sale, loan, pledge, gift, transfer, delivery, or other disposition, and with respect to a financial institution includes a deposit, withdrawal, transfer between accounts, exchange of currency, loan, extension of credit, purchase or sale of any stock, bond, certificate of deposit, or other monetary instrument, or any other payment, transfer, or delivery by, through, or to a financial institution, by whatever means effected.
(4) A financial institution shall designate and retain a BSA/AML compliance officer. The board of directors of a financial institution must ensure that the designated compliance officer is properly qualified and has sufficient authority and resources to administer an effective BSA/AML compliance program. The board is ultimately responsible for establishing the institution’s BSA/AML policies and overall BSA/AML compliance. A change in the BSA/AML compliance officer must be reported to the office.
(5) A financial institution shall keep a record of each financial transaction occurring in this state known to it which involves currency or other monetary instrument, as the commission prescribes by rule, has a value greater than $10,000, and involves the proceeds of specified unlawful activity, or is designed to evade the reporting requirements of this section, chapter 896, or similar state or federal law, or which the financial institution reasonably believes is suspicious activity. Each financial institution shall maintain appropriate procedures to ensure compliance with this section, chapter 896, and other similar state or federal law. Any report of suspicious activity made pursuant to this subsection is entitled to the same confidentiality provided under 31 C.F.R. s. 1020.320, whether the report or information pertaining to or identifying the report is in the possession or control of the office or the reporting institution. (a) Multiple financial transactions shall be treated as a single transaction if the financial institution has knowledge that they are made by or on behalf of any person and result in cash in or cash out totaling more than $10,000 during any business day as defined in s. 655.89(1).
(b) A financial institution may keep a record of any financial transaction occurring in this state, regardless of the value, if it suspects that the transaction involves the proceeds of specified unlawful activity.
(c) A financial institution, or officer, employee, or agent thereof, which files a report in good faith pursuant to this subsection is not liable to any person for loss or damage caused in whole or in part by the making, filing, or governmental use of the report, or any information contained therein.
(d) Each financial institution shall file a report of the records required under this subsection with the office. Each report shall be filed at such time and must contain such information as the commission requires by rule.
(e) The timely filing of the reports required by 31 U.S.C. s. 5313 and 31 C.F.R. part 1020 with the appropriate federal agency is deemed compliance with the reporting requirements of this subsection unless the reports are not regularly and comprehensively transmitted by the federal agency to the office.
(6) Each financial institution shall maintain a record of each qualified business customer that is granted an exemption under 31 U.S.C. s. 5313, including any name, address, and taxpayer identification number of the exempt customer, as well as the name and address of the financial institution and the signature of the financial institution official designating the exempt customer. Such record of exemptions shall be made available to the office for inspection and copying and submitted to the office within 15 days after request.
(7) All reports and records filed with the office pursuant to this section are confidential and exempt from s. 119.07(1). However, the office shall provide any report filed pursuant to this section, or information contained therein, to federal, state, and local law enforcement and prosecutorial agencies, and any federal or state agency responsible for the regulation or supervision of financial institutions. (8) Each financial institution shall maintain:
(a) Full and complete records of all financial transactions, including all records required by 31 C.F.R. parts 500-598 and 1010 for a minimum of 5 calendar years.
(b) A copy of all reports filed with the office under subsection (5) for a minimum of 5 calendar years after submission of the report.
(c) A copy of all records of exemption for each qualified business customer made pursuant to subsection (6) for a minimum of 5 calendar years after termination of exempt status of such customer.
(9) The office, in addition to any other power conferred upon it to enforce and administer this chapter and the financial institutions codes, may:
(a) Bring an action in any court of competent jurisdiction to enforce or administer this section. In such action, the office may seek an award of any civil penalty authorized by law and any other appropriate relief at law or equity.
(b) Pursuant to s. 655.033, issue and serve upon a person an order requiring such person to cease and desist and take corrective action if the office finds that such person is violating, has violated, or is about to violate any provision of this section, chapter 896, or similar state or federal law; any rule or order adopted under this section, chapter 896, or similar state or federal law; or any written agreement related to this section, chapter 896, or similar state or federal law and entered into with the office. (c) Pursuant to s. 655.037, issue and serve upon any person an order of removal if the office finds that such person is violating, has violated, or is about to violate any provision of this section, chapter 896, or similar state or federal law; any rule or order adopted under this section, chapter 896, or similar state or federal law; or any written agreement related to this section, chapter 896, or similar state or federal law and entered into with the office.
(d) Impose and collect an administrative fine against any person found to have violated any provision of this section, chapter 896, or similar state or federal law; any rule or order adopted under this section, chapter 896, or similar state or federal law; or any written agreement related to this section, chapter 896, or similar state or federal law and entered into with the office, in an amount up to $10,000 per day for each willful violation or $500 per day for each negligent violation.
(10)(a) Except as provided in paragraph (b), a person who willfully violates this section commits a misdemeanor of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083. (b) A person who willfully violates or knowingly causes another to violate this section, when the violation involves: 1. Financial transactions totaling or exceeding $300 but less than $20,000 in any 12-month period, commits a felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083; 2. Financial transactions totaling or exceeding $20,000 but less than $100,000 in any 12-month period, commits a felony of the second degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083; or 3. Financial transactions totaling or exceeding $100,000 in any 12-month period, commits a felony of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083. (c) In addition to the penalties otherwise authorized by ss. 775.082 and 775.083, a person who has been convicted of or who has pleaded guilty or nolo contendere to having violated paragraph (b) may be sentenced to pay a fine of up to $250,000 or twice the value of the financial transaction, whichever is greater, except that on a second or subsequent conviction for or plea of guilty or nolo contendere to a violation of paragraph (b), the fine may be up to $500,000 or quintuple the value of the financial transaction, whichever is greater. (d) A financial institution as defined in s. 655.005 which willfully violates this section is also liable for a civil penalty of not more than the greater of the value of the financial transaction involved or $25,000. However, the civil penalty may not exceed $100,000. (e) A person other than a financial institution as defined in s. 655.005 who violates this section is also liable for a civil penalty of not more than the greater of the value of the financial transaction involved or $25,000.
(11) In any prosecution brought pursuant to this section, the common law corpus delicti rule does not apply. The defendant’s confession or admission is admissible during trial without the state having to prove the corpus delicti if the court finds in a hearing conducted outside the presence of the jury that the defendant’s confession or admission is trustworthy. Before the court admits the defendant’s confession or admission, the state must prove by a preponderance of the evidence that there is sufficient corroborating evidence that tends to establish the trustworthiness of the statement by the defendant. Hearsay evidence is admissible during the presentation of evidence at the hearing. In making its determination, the court may consider all relevant corroborating evidence, including the defendant’s statements.
History.—s. 11, ch. 84-216; s. 1, ch. 85-65; s. 6, ch. 85-82; s. 1, ch. 87-192; s. 1, ch. 89-319; s. 73, ch. 91-282; s. 1, ch. 91-307; ss. 1, 3, 39, ch. 92-303; s. 80, ch. 94-209; s. 86, ch. 95-211; s. 8, ch. 96-252; s. 8, ch. 96-260; s. 413, ch. 96-406; s. 5, ch. 97-78; s. 14, ch. 2000-360; s. 13, ch. 2001-64; s. 6, ch. 2001-243; s. 1729, ch. 2003-261; s. 25, ch. 2004-335; s. 8, ch. 2004-391; s. 10, ch. 2005-209; s. 5, ch. 2006-168; s. 9, ch. 2013-2; s. 11, ch. 2014-91; s. 51, ch. 2016-105.
Statutes updated from Official Statutes on: September 19, 2019