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F.S. 896.104 on Google Scholar

F.S. 896.104 on Casetext

Amendments to 896.104


The 2019 Florida Statutes

Statutes updated from Official Statutes on: September 19, 2019
Title XLVI
CRIMES
Chapter 896
OFFENSES RELATED TO FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS
View Entire Chapter
F.S. 896.104 Florida Statutes and Case Law
896.104 Structuring transactions to evade reporting or registration requirements prohibited.
(1) DEFINITIONS.For purposes of this section, the terms “structure” or “structuring” mean that a person, acting alone, or in conjunction with, or on behalf of, other persons, conducts or attempts to conduct one or more transactions in currency, in any amount, at one or more financial institutions, on one or more days, in any manner, for the purpose of evading currency transaction reporting requirements provided by state or federal law. “In any manner” includes, but is not limited to, the breaking down of a single sum of currency exceeding $10,000 into smaller sums, including sums at or below $10,000, or the conduct of a transaction, or series of currency transactions, at or below $10,000. The transaction or transactions need not exceed the $10,000 reporting threshold at any single financial institution on any single day in order to meet the definition of “structure” or “structuring” provided in this subsection.
(2) DOMESTIC COIN AND CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS.A person may not, for the purpose of evading the reporting and registration requirements of chapter 560, chapter 655, or this chapter, or 31 U.S.C. s. 5313(a) or s. 5325, or any rules or regulations adopted under those chapters and sections, when some portion of the activity by that person occurs in this state:
(a) Cause or attempt to cause a person or financial institution in this state to fail to file an applicable report or registration required under those chapters and sections or any rule or regulation adopted under any of those chapters and sections;
(b) Cause or attempt to cause a person or financial institution in this state to file an applicable report required under those chapters and sections or any rule or regulation adopted under those chapters and sections which contains a material omission or misstatement of fact; or
(c) Structure or assist in structuring, or attempt to structure or assist in structuring, any financial transaction with or involving one or more financial institutions in this state.
(3) INTERNATIONAL MONETARY INSTRUMENT TRANSACTIONS.A person may not, for the purpose of evading the reporting or registration requirements of chapter 560, chapter 655, or this chapter, or 31 U.S.C. s. 5316, when some portion of the activity by that person occurs in this state:
(a) Fail to file an applicable registration or report required by those chapters and sections, or cause or attempt to cause a person to fail to file such a report;
(b) File or cause or attempt to cause a person to file an applicable registration or report required under those chapters and sections which contains a material omission or misstatement of fact; or
(c) Structure or assist in structuring, or attempt to structure or assist in structuring, any importation or exportation of currency or monetary instruments or funds to, from, or through financial institutions in this state.
(4) CRIMINAL PENALTIES.
(a) A person who violates this section, if the violation involves:
1. Financial transactions exceeding $300 but less than $20,000 in any 12-month period, commits a felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.
2. Financial transactions totaling or exceeding $20,000 but less than $100,000 in any 12-month period, commits a felony of the second degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.
3. Financial transactions totaling or exceeding $100,000 in any 12-month period, commits a felony of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.
(b) In addition to the penalties authorized by s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084, a person who has been found guilty of or who has pleaded guilty or nolo contendere to having violated this section may be sentenced to pay a fine not exceeding $250,000 or twice the value of the financial transactions, whichever is greater, except that for a second or subsequent violation of this section, the fine may be up to $500,000 or quintuple the value of the financial transactions, whichever is greater.
(c) A person who violates this section is also liable for a civil penalty of not more than the value of the financial transactions involved or $25,000, whichever is greater.
(5) INFERENCE.Proof that a person engaged for monetary consideration in the business of a money transmitter, as defined in s. 560.103, and who is transporting more than $10,000 in currency, or the foreign equivalent, without being licensed as a money transmitter or designated as an authorized vendor under chapter 560, gives rise to an inference that the transportation was done with knowledge of the licensure requirements of chapter 560 and the reporting requirements of this chapter.
(6) CONSTRUCTION.This section may not be construed to require any new or additional reporting requirements on any entity obligated to file reports under state or federal law.
History.s. 20, ch. 2000-360; s. 1918, ch. 2003-261; s. 53, ch. 2008-177.
F.S. 896.104 on Google Scholar

F.S. 896.104 on Casetext

Amendments to 896.104


Arrestable Offenses / Crimes under Fla. Stat. 896.104
Level: Degree
Misdemeanor/Felony: First/Second/Third

896.104 2a - FRAUD - FAIL FILE FINC REPORT REG 300 LT 20K DOLS - F: T
896.104 2a - FRAUD - FAIL FILE FINC REPORT REG 20K LT 100K DOLS - F: S
896.104 2a - FRAUD - FAIL FILE FINC REPORT REG 100K OR MORE DOLS - F: F
896.104 2b - FRAUD - FILE FALSE REPORT OR MISSTMT 300 LT 20K DOLS - F: T
896.104 2b - FRAUD - FILE FALSE REPORT OR MISSTMT 20K LT 100K DOLS - F: S
896.104 2b - FRAUD - FILE FALSE REPORT OR MISSTMT 100K DOLS OR MORE - F: F
896.104 2c - FRAUD - DOM STRUCTURE VIOL TRANS 300 LT 20K DOL - F: T
896.104 2c - FRAUD - DOM STRUCTURE VIOL TRANS 20K LT 100K DOLS - F: S
896.104 2c - FRAUD - DOM STRUCTURE VIOL TRANS 100K DOLS OR MORE - F: F
896.104 3a - FRAUD - FAIL FILE FINC REPORT REG 300 LT 20K DOLS - F: T
896.104 3a - FRAUD - FAIL FILE FINC REPORT REG 20K LT 100K DOLS - F: S
896.104 3a - FRAUD - FAIL FILE FINC REPORT REG 100K DOLS OR MORE - F: F
896.104 3b - FRAUD - FILE FALSE REPORT OR MISSTMT 300 LT 20K DOLS - F: T
896.104 3b - FRAUD - FILE FALSE REPORT OR MISSTMT 20K LT 100K DOLS - F: S
896.104 3b - FRAUD - FILE FALSE REPORT OR MISSTMT 100K DOLS OR MORE - F: F
896.104 3c - FRAUD - INT STRUCTURE VIOL TRANS 300 LT 20K DOLS - F: T
896.104 3c - FRAUD - INT STRUCTURE VIOL TRANS 20K LT 100K DOLS - F: S
896.104 3c - FRAUD - INT STRUCTURE VIOL TRANS 100K DOLS OR MORE - F: F
896.104 4a - FRAUD - STRUCTURE VIOL TRANS OVER 300 LESS 20K DOLS - F: T
896.104 4b - FRAUD - STRUCTURE VIOL TRANS 20K LESS 100K DOLS - F: S
896.104 4c - FRAUD - STRUCTURE VIOL TRANS 100K DOLS OR MORE - F: F


Civil Citations / Citable Offenses under S896.104
R or S next to points is Mandatory Revocation or Suspension

Current data shows no reason a civil citation or a suspension or revocation of license should have been issued under Florida Statute 896.104.


Annotations, Discussions, Cases: